You might have already noted the main 8 colorations available in the Balinese & Siamese breed. The four
traditional color points and four Lynx points totaling 8, but there are more colorations available; some
currently being established by cat
fanciers here in the United States and abroad, including Azureys Cats.
Red Point "Flame Point"
The red point or “flame point”
Balinese cat is that with pointed markings of the red/orange color. The term “flame” came about due
to the similarity in coloring to a flame, and the Balinese shows this example very well with its plumed
tail resembling a fiery torch. There's no natural form of a red point within Siamese or Balinese lines. To achieve the look of this color point, past Siamese/Balinese cat fanciers and breeders mixed purebred Siamese/Balinese lines with an orange/red tabby cat to produce the red colored points in the Siamese/Balinese breed.
Red-pointed Siamese have existed for only a couple of decades and Balinese red points are just
starting to emerge considering the much work needed in order to improve and diversify these lines and
produce outstanding red points within the Balinese breed. One current flaw that's currently being
tackled by breeders the removal of the tabby markings seen in present red pointed Siamese/Balinese
Though some kittens/cats show profound “ghost striping”; which are faint tabby marks that later
disappear with age, red points happen to still carry tabby marks after this period due to their tabby
cat background. I hope to one day produce red pointed old-style Balinese cats that neither produce
nor ever show these tabby marks; but to produce a balanced point like of the primary pointed coloring
of the Balinese.
I'm currently working with close mentors and Balinese breeders to have this accomplished but it
could take years. Azureys has plans to produce Red points to better improve these lines, so please
Red-pointed cats were first produced in other breeds such as the Persian as cat fanciers wished to produce purebred lines with the color of the red tabby cat. It's said that by accident Siamese cats would breed with red tabby cats that would later produce these red-pointed Siamese cats, but the same could have been the case with trying to produce Siamese cats with red points by past cat fanciers.
The first records of flame pointed Siamese cats appeared in the 1930s. In 1948, United Kingdom breeder Nora Archer, with the help of other breeders, started working profoundly with the Siamese breed to produce red points. Miss Ray, another breeder working with red points, worked very hard in trying to establish red/flame pointed only breeding lines, to better eliminate the problems of the tabby striping and in having the color point recognized by cat registries.
After many attempts, the GCCF; The Governing Council of the Cat Fancy, didn't allow registration of the red points as an actual Siamese, but as a Foreign Shorthair cat, which Miss Ray and other breeders did not accept. This was unacceptable to many red pointed Siamese breeders who felt it should be considered part of the Siamese breed, as it was of Siamese type and eye color. It was also a pure Siamese cat, genetically speaking in terms of the cats being bred Siamese to Siamese lines only for more than 10 generations of the original outcross. She wasn't successful in seeing the red pointed Siamese recognized, which occurred in the year 1971, after her death.
Since then, red points have been catching up as one of the popular rare colors of the Siamese and Balinese breeds, but they're still a work in progress in the United States. Registries in the United Kingdom have been much more organized in only allowing certain red point Siamese and their lines accepted as actual pure Siamese cats, due to their Siamese genetic and breeding lineage concentration, thus having more diversified lines to work with in Europe.
Tortie Point "Freckled Point"
You might have not known this, but there are also Siamese/Balinese cats with tortoise shell/freckled points. Due to the same red/orange gene available to the Siamese/Balinese that caused the red points to occur, this same gene can cause a difference in appearance for Siamese/Balinese cats with a different genetic Chromosome sequence.
The red/orange gene is only present and carried in the X chromosome strand. Females carry the paired XX chromosomes and males carry the paired XY, this is what also determines gender. This means a female cat needs to inherit 2 (X) red/point strands in order to be a red point, and a male only needs to inherit 1 (X) to be a red point.
For this reason, litters from either a Tortie and/or Red point cat mainly produce Tortie females, and Red point males. It is rare to produce red point females but they have occurred in the past through successful breedings between red points/tortie points to concentrate the red/orange gene more in the genetic sequence.
Tortie points are an acquired taste to some, but they have much increased in popularity as the
“other” type of point available to the Siamese/Balinese pointed colors. I have seen very beautiful
Tortie point Balinese cats and they are rarity to see.
Foreign White "Ivory Point"
A Foreign White Siamese or Foreign White Balinese cat is a purebred Siamese/Balinese cat without
color points or markings but have the physical appearance and deep blue eyes of the
They are completely white in color, and they carry a Siamese color point genetically beneath its
This means that under the white coat, there's either a seal, blue, chocolate or lilac pointed Siamese or
Balinese cat; genetically speaking of course! Because of this, here at Azureys Cats we like to describe
them as "
" because they are "white pointed" cats concealing their true pointed colors.
True Foreign White cats descent from the original and initial breeding stock of Patricia Turner
(Scintilla Cattery) that took place in the 1960's and produced the first and true
Foreign White Siamese cat. The Foreign White cat is the only type of cat that can be completely white in
color and have blue eyes without the risk of deafness. Due to this special combination, they
are considered very unique and rare cats.
Cats that do not carry the gene for color point, and that are not direct
descendants of the first breeding of Foreign White Siamese cats (Lisvane Lilac Domino & Orchid Lilias),
NOT considered real Foreign White Siamese or Balinese cats.
Foreign white cats are coded as W 67 under the
Fédération Internationale Féline, which is a
major international cat association. They are the only cat association to respect and
regard the Foreign White Siamese and Balinese cat in its true form.
A white Oriental breed cat with eyes of blue (W 61), green (W64) or odd-eyes (W63), or a breeding cross
of Siamese to Khao Mannee or other white colored cat breed is NOT considered a real Foreign White (W 67)
Siamese or Balinese cat. The initial breeding of the Foreign White Siamese was made possible many years
ago in the 1960's by crossing a white British Short hair cat to a Siamese. That interbreeding produced the
first White Siamese cats that were later used to make the foundation for the Foreign White.
Those foundation cats were then only bred to Siamese blood lines to concentrate their genes and
breed standard (genetics, appearance and personality). This
was made possible by breeding strictly Siamese to Siamese over many decades, which is why they
are considered pure Siamese cats due to their extensive lineage. For this reason deafness is almost
non-existent in the Foreign White cat, due to its Siamese genetics.
Foreign white Siamese and Balinese cats are very rare and non-existent in the United States at the time
of writting this in 2013. Some breeders in the States are working to establish breeding programs for the
rare color. In all actuality only a few breeding lines from the original outcross of the Foreign white
Siamese exist in European countries, but they are usually of the extreme look due to the "modern" registry
standards that also exists in Europe. Now imagine how rare it would be to find a real Foreign white
Siamese or Balinese cat of the Old-Style standard, it's...almost nonexistent at this time.
At Azureys Cats
working to establish a Foreign White breeding program of Old-Style standard, with purity in mind
(Siamese and Balinese cat lines only),
as Foreign White cat breeder pioneer; Patricia Turner did by breeding only
with traditional color pointed Siamese cats.
Foreign White Siamese History
With the popularity and rise of the Siamese cat breed in England, it is said that English cat fanciers
wanted to produce a cat with the same personality, appearance, and deep blue eyes of the Siamese but in a
completely white coat. Cat fanciers knew that this was neary impossible, as there were genetic problems in
producing a cat that is completely white in coat color with blue eyes. Some of those defects included:
partial or total deafness, degradation of vision, low immune systems, infertility and vitality in the
overall health of the animal.
A completely white colored animal with blue eyes does not occur naturally without genetic consequences.
Animals that are completely white are mainly defined as albinos, where the gene responsible for albinism
doesn't allow for dark blue eyes to occur but pinkish- red eyes due to the abnormality. In order to
produce a white cat with blue eyes would involve the consequence of producing one with deafness and other
genetic consequences already seen in today’s completely white cats with blue eyes.
The first recorded attempt to produce a white Siamese cat was in the 1960s with the efforts of
Patricia Turner, a profound cat geneticist and breeder at the time. Patricia Turner received inspiration
when she saw a photograph of a lilac point Siamese cat with very faded color points, giving the appearance
of a completely white Siamese with eyes of dark blue.
This picture inspired Patricia Turner to produce a white cat that had naturally blue eyes without any
genetic defects and deafness. She realized the genetic importance of the Siamese cat breed in terms of its
partial-albanism gene and the blue eyes associated with the gene. She then established a breeding program
with other trusted breeders with the goal of producing a white colored Siamese with naturally blue eyes,
and without genetic defects, so to avoid deafness.
In the start of her breeding program, Patricia Turner bred a white British Short hair cat named
Orchid Lilias with a Lilac point Siamese cat named Lisvane Lilac Domino. From this breeding
We must keep in mind how important the Himalayan gene is in producing a white cat with blue eyes,
without genetic defects. The Himalayan gene is responsible for producing cats with pointed colors.
This gene is heat sensitive in terms of the pigmentation/color being affected by either warm or cool
temperatures. The cooler it is, the darker the color of the coat becomes. Due to this temperature
sensitivity, Siamese/Balinese cats only have pointed colors on their nose, ears, feet, and tail as they
are the coolest areas in a cat’s body and it allows for the body, which is the warmest, to become diluted
Patricia Turner and other breeders knew that the only way possible to produce a white cat with blue
eyes without deafness would be through a crossing with the Siamese breed. She started by crossing a lilac
point Siamese with a white British Shorthair to produce offspring that would eventually be white colored
but have the Himalayan gene. The Himalayan gene is also responsible in producing cats that aren't deaf due
to influencing the production of Tapetum Ludicum in the ears, thus preventing deafness in these cats.
also acknowledged that by breeding foreign whites to a seal point, they would produce offspring with
darker eye color. At the same time, another breeding program took place in Ireland to produce foreign
whites. Instead of using a pure Siamese cat for this project, they would use a red point or took place
approximately more than 30 years, to really establish a white cat without any flaws, and one with actual
purebred Siamese bloodlines generation after generation.
Foreign White Cat Rarity & Genetics:
Foreign White cats are becoming harder to find and to breed as some breeders don't aim to preserve
breeding lines purely as Siamese or Balinese. Due to this, Foreign White breeding lines are becoming more
distant and lost.
The reason for this is due to some cat registries considering the Foreign White as an
cat, even Foreign White cats with pure Siamese lineage/bloodlines and no Oriental breed ancestry.
problem that exists is that of some cat associations and past breeding programs that have changed their
For starters, they are now allowing Oriental breed cats to be bred with Foreign Whites, eventually losing
these foreign white cat lines, as they produce cats of other colors (non-pointed) and producing White
Orientals with blue eyes (W61), which look like Foreign Whites but are not Foreign White Siamese cats,
For this reason tests exist to determine which cat is a real Siamese or Balinese Foreign White cat, and
not a "copy-cat" . A DNA test can be processed by the
University of Veterinary
Medicine-at UC Davis to determine which genetic code they posses, either:
Genetically a Foreign White Siamese or Balinese cat( W 67) is genetically
coded as: c
s/cs which is determined by the color
point restriction specific to only the Siamese and Balinese cat breed.
Oriental breed cats that are blue, green or odd-eyed and of a white coat( W 61) are genetically
coded as: CC, or
C/cs if the cat is a color point (Siamese cat) carrier but not a
true Siamese cat.
These new policies and mentalities not only cause harm to the pure Foreign White Siamese/Balinese lines
that breeders seek to preserve and improve the lines with, but these cats with Oriental breed parentage
have a higher probability of producing offspring with green eyes and different color designs not known to
the Siamese/Balinese cat breed. Oriental breed cats also come in a complete white coat color, which closely
resembles a foreign white, but once more they are NOT pure Siamese or Siamese cats genetically speaking.
They cannot produce foreign white offspring as well, only an actual foreign white cat can.
Though there are breeders that endorse breeding Foreign white Siamese to Oriental lineage cats (we are not
talking about foreign white cats registered as Orientals that are of Siamese lineage only), we have to
keep in mind that those breeding foreign white's and those who have done so in the past have enough
reasoning against it.
Foreign white cats may become completely extinct if Siamese/Balinese breeders don't aim to preserve these
pure lines or establish pure lines for the future.
Foreign white Siamese & Balinese cat breeding practices
A Foreign white Siamese or Balinese cat should be bred to the following:
Another Foreign white Siamese or Balinese- The reason for this is due to some registries not allowing
this breeding because of the risk of the the Waardenburg disease of deafness coming about in the breeding
lines and/or being concentrated in the breeding of Foreign white cats
Red points, cream points, or tortie points: The reason for this is due to these color points having
the "O" gene that
Further Information on the Foreign White Siamese Cat
To learn more of the Foreign White Siamese and the breeding practices involving it, please read/visit:
30 Years of Breeding Foreign White cats,
by Hetty Berntrop from the UK
My goal as a Balinese breeder is to introduce pure, white foreign old-style Balinese cats without any oriental/colored short/long-haired lines in them, but of Siamese background only. The reason for this is because of the mixture of lines involving orientals in their colorations and appearances. Oriental short/long-hairs aren't pure Siamese cats, but a mixture of them, which can also allow green or amber eyes and many appealing colors not seen or allowed in the Siamese or Balinese breed. This in all actuality is not a purebred or an actual Siamese/Balinese, due to when breeding cats with lynx points or other Siamese/Balinese cats they do not breed true, but have other color mixtures involved.
This goal may be almost impossible as foreign white Siamese lines are becoming impure little by little,
but it would be an added goal if we need to re-purify them. Please stay tuned!